It's important to know when it's safe for kids to head a soccer ball. Heading the soccer ball is an integral part of the game of soccer, but recent medical studies have revealed both the short term and long term dangers of repeated concussions from playing soccer.
Fortunately, the large majority of concussions from heading a soccer ball can be fully recovered from, but it's still prudent to follow the age-related guidelines for when it's safe to head a soccer ball. The general rule is that the older a child is the safer it is for him or her to head the soccer ball.
Here are the specific rules to follow regarding when heading a soccer ball is permitted.
Kids that are 10 years old or younger are no longer allowed to head the soccer ball in either games or during practice. Also, 11-13 year olds can only head the ball as follows. This age group of soccer players can only average a few headers per day and do no more than 30 minutes of practice heading each week.
The Glasgow Brain Injury Research Group (GBIRG) did an extensive study on the influence of contact sports on lifelong health and dementia risk. Also, an article by the BBC on the new FA (Football Association-soccer is called football in Europe) on the safety of soccer for children.
A group of concerned parents joined together for a class-action lawsuit, and after more than a year of litigation, the changes in the rules were made to improve the safety of soccer for children.
Before 2015, the coaching curriculum used by a soccer franchise that specializes in 2-8 year olds, used heading as one of its lesson plans each season. Before you get too upset, let me explain how we introduced "heading" the soccer ball to the very young soccer players.
The children would stand still, just a few feet in front of the goal, with the coach kneeling down next to the player. The couch would ask permission first. If we got a positive answer we would gently touch our size 3 soccer ball to their forehead and allow it to drop to the ground in front of the child. At that point the child would dribble to and shoot at the net and score a goal.
Why did we introduce heading the ball at such a young tender age? It was not to teach them heading, but rather let them know not to be afraid of the soccer ball, and also to let them know that soccer-ball-to-head contact was allowed as part of the game. Once US Soccer unveiled its concussion protocol for youth soccer, it was removed from the curriculum.
If you suspect a possible concussion in your young soccer player, here are some of the classic symptoms to watch out for. This list does not replace a diagnosis by a properly trained medical authority.
Slow reaction to stimuli
Sensitivity to light or noise
Double or blurred vision
Drowsiness or sluggish behavior
Nausea or vomiting
Loss of Consciousness
Every soccer league or club school should have a specific protocol. Be sure to follow the protocol, along with your doctor’s instructions. The list below
I hope you found this post helpful. Concussions are possible for young soccer players to suffer from, but research shows that most concussions are NOT FROM repeaedly heading the soccer ball. Concussion are more likely to be caused by collisions with other players, a physical structure like the goal post or the ground, or when the soccer ball is kicked into the head.
All physical sports like soccer have a risk of injury. Soccer moms and dads have to consider the risks and the rewards of having their child play soccer and other sports as well.
Generally speaking, the risks of serious injury are not that great. Another safety concern for parents and coaches is the spread of disease, when a group of children are playing together. Here's related post on youth soccer and the Covid-19 risk.
Keep it fun!
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